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Application of taurine, medicine, food, intermediate

Jun. 27, 2019

Taurine is a simple structure of sulfur-containing amino acids in animals. It has a wide range of uses, pharmaceutical industry, food additives, organic synthesis intermediates and so on.

Pharmaceutical industry

Taurine has anti-inflammatory, antipyretic, analgesic, sedative, blood pressure lowering, blood sugar lowering, anti-arrhythmia, antibacterial, anti-platelet aggregation, immune function enhancement, gallbladder, strong liver, detoxification, regulation of vascular tone and so on.

Clinically, it can be used for the treatment of acute and chronic hepatitis, fatty liver, cholecystitis, bronchitis, tonsillitis, acute conjunctivitis, herpetic and viral conjunctivitis. It is also used to treat colds, fever, epilepsy, and pediatric paralysis. Symptoms, heart failure, arrhythmia, high blood pressure, uterine bleeding, arteriosclerosis, hemorrhoids, etc. As a medicine, taurine has been widely used in China and Japan.

Food additive

Taurine is an essential amino acid for humans and animals.

The lack of taurine in children may cause dysplasia, visual impairment and increased susceptibility to epilepsy, and even cause diseases such as cardiomyopathy; the lack of taurine in adults also endangers their health.

As an excellent food additive, taurine has been widely used in developed countries such as Europe, America and Japan.

In order to ensure the healthy growth of infants and young children, the United States, Japan and other countries have clearly stipulated that the content of taurine in dairy products for infants and young children should not be less than 0.16mg/100mL.

Taurine was added to a nutritional supplement sold in Japan in the 1970s. They also incorporate it into beverages, compound MSG, soy products and dairy products. In Japan, the addition of taurine to children's food is not allowed to go on sale.

99% of taurine in the United States, Japan and other countries is used as a food additive. China started late in this respect. In 1990, it began to allow taurine to be added as a nutritional food additive to dairy products, beverages and compound seasonings. The allowable amount was 30-40 mg/kg. In recent years, the "Red Bull" beverages, "Wahaha" children's nutrient solution, "Congcong mother liquor" and "Powerful God", "Golden Oyster", "Longdan" and other nutraceutical products have appeared in the market. Sulfonic acid component.

Studies have shown that adding the right amount of taurine to milk and milk powder has a nutritional value close to that of breast milk. Taurine can also be used as a high-quality additive for food and beverages for pilots, astronauts, athletes, etc., to enhance physical fitness and relieve fatigue.

In addition, taurine is added to animal feed as a feed additive to prevent fish diseases and brighten the eyes of cats, dogs and other pets. It is expected that taurine will be mainly used as a food nutrition additive in the future, and the market for food additives will be very broad.

Organic synthesis intermediate

Used in the synthesis of fluorescent whitening agents. If the aminoethanesulfonic acid group is introduced into the stilbene bistriazine-based fluorescent whitening agent, the water solubility of the whitening agent can be improved, and the washing and whitening effects can be enhanced. Such brighteners are mainly used for whitening of paper, cellulose fibers and polyamide fibers.

In addition, taurine can be reacted with polyacrylamide to form a functional polymer flocculant N-taurine polyacrylamide for gypsum separation of wet process phosphoric acid.

Because it has the function of controlling gypsum crystal form and reducing the viscosity of phosphoric acid during the formation of gypsum, it can increase the filtration speed and increase the filtration efficiency.

Taurine can also be used in the preparation of reactive dyes and in the synthesis of other organic compounds.

Therefore, taurine is of great significance to humans.

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